Board of Advisors

Floyd E. BloomJeffrey KirschLawrence M. HinmanPeter K. EllsworthMark TrotterSandra Sgoutas-EmchPast Board Members

Floyd E. Bloom, M.D.

Floyd E. Bloom has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2004. Dr. Bloom was a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics and is professor emeritus in the Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience Department at TSRI. He was founding CEO and board chairman of Neurome, Inc., Chairman of the Department of Neuropharmacology at the Scripps Research Institute, and Director of Behavioral Neurobiology at the Salk Institute and Chief of the Laboratory of Neuropharmacology of NIMH.

A member of the National Academy of Sciences (1977) and the Institute of Medicine (1982), he has received numerous awards, including the Pasarow Award in Neuropsychiatry and the Hermann van Helmholtz Award, the Sarnat Award for Mental Health Research, as well as a number of honorary degrees from major universities. He is past editor-in-chief of Science Magazine.


Jeffrey Kirsch, Ph.D.

Jeffrey Kirsch has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2008. In 1983, Dr. Kirsch became the Executive Director of the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center located in San Diego’s beautiful Balboa Park. Under his leadership the institution quadrupled its membership (to more than 12,000 families), doubled its physical size (in 1998 to 95,000 sq. ft.), and is recognized as a major contributor to the production and exhibition of IMAX® films in science museums.

Dr. Kirsch has helped produce computer animation festivals and researched the utilization of digital media appropriate to science museums. He has been Executive or Consulting Producer on numerous IMAX films. He received the 2001 Founders Award from the IMAX Corporation, which is given to individuals that have made a major contribution to the arts and sciences of 15/70 large format films. His films received two Grand Prix for “To the Limit” and “Chronos” and two Golden Eagles for “Ring of Fire” and “The Discoverers”.

Dr. Kirsch’s received his undergraduate education at Princeton University (B.S.E. in 1962), his M.S.A.E. at the University of Southern California (1963), and his doctorate in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern California (1969). After ten years in aerospace research his deep interest in science communications led him into a career in public broadcasting as Executive Producer and Director of the KPBS-TV Science Center in San Diego. Over a nine-year period, Dr. Kirsch was responsible for science-oriented program production. He led efforts that resulted in national programming slots and a number of award-winning TV documentaries on subjects dealing with issues affecting relationship between Science and Society.


Lawrence M. Hinman, Ph.D.

Dr. Hinman is co-founding director of the Center for Ethics in Science and Technology. He is also founding director of the Values Institute and professor emeritus of Philosophy at the University of San Diego, where the aught from 1975-2014. He has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2014.

Dr. Hinman is the author of two widely-used texts in ethics, Ethics: A Pluralistic Approach to Moral Theory, 5th ed. (Wadsworth, 2012) and Contemporary Moral Issues, 4th ed. (Routledge, 2012). He has published numerous scholarly articles in ethics in journals such as Ethics, The Monist, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Philosophical Studies, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Criminal Justice Ethics, Computers and Society, Ethics and Information Technology, and Teaching Philosophy; he has also contributed to numerous anthologies in ethics. Translations of his articles have appeared in German and Italian. He also publishes op-ed pieces in newspapers such as the Los Angeles Times, the Washington Post and the San Diego Union-Tribune.

Dr. Hinman is a former member of the board of the American Philosophical Association and also a past member of the Executive Committee of the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics. He served as a member of the APA Committee on Computing and Philosophy and chaired the APA Committee on Teaching and Philosophy in 2003-05, and for several years was on the Steering Committee for the Computing and Philosophy (CAP) Conference at Carnegie-Mellon.

Peter K. Ellsworth, J.D.

Peter Ellsworth has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2004. He is President of The Legler Benbough Foundation (1995-present). Following a successful legal career (1957-1986), he served as President and CEO of Sharp Health Care and Sharp Foundation (1986-1996) building Sharp Health Care from a single hospital to a health care system that was the largest private employer in San Diego providing health care for one third of all San Diegans.

Ellsworth has also served as Chairman of Ellsworth Marine, Inc.; Chair of the San Diego Family of Funds and San Diego Business Task Force on Health; President of the San Diego Blood Bank, the Children’s Dental Health Association, the Stanford Club of San Diego, and Combined Arts of San Diego (COMBO); and member of the Board of Directors of the San Diego Chamber of Commerce, Committee on Primary Care of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, Conference of Barristers of the State Bar of California, Board of Directors for San Diego Grantmakers and San Diego Neighborhood Funders, Working Group of the Arts and Culture Foundation, Advisory Board for the Balboa Park Cultural Partnership, and the Dean’s Roundtable, UCSD School of International Relations and Pacific Studies.


Reverend Mark Trotter

Mark Trotter has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2004. Reverend Trotter is a retired United Methodist minister, serving from 1976-2000 as Senior Minister of the First United Methodist Church of San Diego, located in Mission Valley. He is the author of several books, has been invited to preach and teach widely throughout the nation, including serving as Preacher in Residence at St. Paul’s Episcopal Cathedral in San Diego

He was elected delegate six times to the General Conference of the United Methodist Church, the governing body of the denomination, and has served on several national denominational committees and boards, including chairing the Committee to Study a United Methodist Understanding of Baptism, and serving on the editorial board of the Book of Worship, as well as the Committee For A National Plan For Hispanic Ministry, and a member of the Dialogue on Unity.

His community service has included membership on the Parker Foundation Board of Directors and the Sharp Hospital Board of Directors, past president of San Diego Rotary, and past chairman of the Board of Trustees of San Diego Hospice.

Sandra Sgoutas-Emch, Ph.D.

Sandra Sgoutas-Emch has been a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board since 2014. Sgoutas-Emch is a professor of psychology and director of the Center for Educational Excellence at the University of San Diego. She has been a professor at the university since 1992. During her tenure at USD, she has also been the director of the gender studies program. She teaches courses in health psychology and biopsychology. Dr. Sgoutas-Emch has research interests in the efficacy of alternative medicine, the impact of stress, and women’s health issues.

John Reed, M.D., Ph.D.

John Reed was a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board 2005-2009.

John Reed, M.D., Ph.D. was CEO for the Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute from 2002-2010. Since 2013, Dr. Reed has been Global Head of Roche Pharma Research & Early Development.


Gloria Penner, In Memoriam

Gloria Penner was a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board 2006 to October 2012.

Penner joined San Diego’s public radio station KPBS in its early days and became one of the best known personalities at the station. She won numerous, including many Emmys and Golden Mikes, as well as receiving the San Diego Press Club’s Harold Keen Award for excellence in journalism


Lucy Killea, Ph.D., In Memoriam

Dr. Killea was a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board from 2004 to January 2017.

Lucy served as Senior Fellow with the International Community Foundation, where she provided strategic counsel and guidance to this California-based public foundation committed to philanthropy and grant making in Asia and the Americas. .

Her civic and volunteer activities included serving on Boards of Directors and participating in a number of organizations: Board of Overseers, International Roundtable Emeritus member at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies both at University of California at San Diego; Board of Trustees, Rady Children’s Hospital and Health Center; Advisory Board, International Visitors Council of San Diego; member Rotary Breakfast Club of San Diego; Board member of National Conflict Resolution Center; Advisory Board, Center for Ethics in Science and Technology.

Dr. Killea’s distinguished career included:

  • 1944 – 1956: Military Intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency after World War II.
  • 1974 – 1978: Executive Vice President of “Fronteras de las Californias”, a local government, university, and business project to expand joint efforts with Baja California and California.
  • 1978 – 1982: Member of San Diego City Council, one year as San Diego Vice-Mayor.
  • 1989 – 1996: California State Senator, 39th Senate District. Prior to being elected to the State Senate, she served seven years as a member of the California State Assembly.

Dr. Killea earned a Ph. D. in Latin American History from the University of California San Diego; M.A. from the University of San Diego; B.A. from the Incarnate Word College, San Antonio, Texas. A 36-year resident of California, she also lived ten years in Mexico and traveled extensively in Latin America, Europe and the Asia Pacific region. She spoke Spanish fluently.


Thomas R. Scott, Ph.D., In Memoriam

Dr. Scott was a member of the Ethics Center Advisory Board from 2005 to May 2017.

Dr. Scott was a neuroscientist specializing in sensory processes, with a particular focus on the sense of taste and the neural control of eating.

Dr. Scott was elected President of two national organizations: The Association for Chemoreception Sciences (1997-98) and the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (2000-2001). In 2000, he moved to San Diego State University as Dean of Sciences and Professor of Psychology. In 2005 he was appointed Vice-President for Research, and in 2006, interim Chief Executive Officer of the SDSU Research Foundation, a $200 million non-profit foundation that manages SDSU’s contract and grant activity.